If the chain is not too dirty, the operation of lubrication is normally sufficient to clean the chain.

When the accumulation of dirt on the chain (sand, mud, asphalt particles or other foreign materials) is excessive, the chain must be washed with a brush and kerosene. After washing, the chain has to be dried immediately with a jet of compressed air.

After off-road use, when the dirt built-up is heavy, wash the chain with a water jet, then dry it immediately with compressed air.


• Avoid the use of steam, gasoline or solvents.
When cleaning O-Ring chains, avoid the use of hard brushes or other methods that could damage the rubber O-Rings (compressed air should be kept at 50 cm/2 ft distance minimum).

• After washing, immediately lubricate the chain as explained in the next chapter.
Chain tools
The chain
Cleaning and lubrication
Lubrication of chains with brush
Lubrication of chains with spray lubricants
Inspecting the chain
Chain tensioning
Replacement of a chain
Potential chain drive
problems and causes

To obtain good performance and long life, chain must always be lubricated when in service.

All well lubricated chains keeps the friction between the working surfaces to a minimum by creating a protective surface between the sliding surfaces of the pin and bushing and also between the bushing and roller. A lack of lubrication increases friction between these surfaces, resulting in an increase in friction resulting in a higher absorption of power, therefore an increase in the working temperature of the components. This higher than normal temperature will result in the lubricant burning and becoming less effective, therefore increasing chain wear.
Signs of poor lubrication are rapid elongation of the chain, rust (reddish areas on the chain surfaces), and squeaks when operating.

In the O-Ring chains, lubrication is provided by grease sealed in the working area by O-Rings.However, it is still necessary to provide periodic lubrication to the chain. Lubricant between roller and bushings will decrease friction and heat, and will improve the efficiency of the drive, extending chain and sprockets life.

Lubrication also keeps O-Rings in good condition and protects the metallic components from rust and corrosion.
For a good lubrication, please proceed according to the following instruction.
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  Lubrication of chains with brush
Use SAE 80-90 mineral oil or motorcycle chain specific lubricant safe for O-Rings.

  1   Brush the chain with oil over its entire length, both inside and outside.

  2   After some time, wipe away the excessive lubricant with a clean rag.
Lubrication of chains with brush

  Lubrication of chains with spray lubricants
  1   Place the motorcycle on a stand so the rear wheel can rotate.

  2   Spin the rear wheel in the reverse direction while applying the lubricant.

  3   Spray the lubricant inside the chain between the inner and the outer plates, near the front sprocket.
The centrifugal force introduces the lubricant into the pin/bushing area, assuring complete lubrication.
Lubrication of chains with spray lubricants
Lubrication in-out   4   Lubricate the chain rollers as well, spraying the lubricant in the middle part of the chain.

  5   After lubrication, please wait 10-15 minutes to allow solvents in the lubricant to evaporate before using the motorcycle or ATV.

  6   Any excess lubricant should be wiped away with a clean rag.
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